Native Ground Covers/Lawn Substitutes

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California Fescue
Festuca californica
Habitat  Woodland, Chaparral
Max Height  4'

California Fescue photo by

California Oat Grass
Danthonia californica
Habitat  Riparian, moist slopes
Max Height  1'

California Oat Grass photo by

Foothill Needlegrass
Stipa lepida
Habitat  Woodland, Chaparral, Scrubland   
Max Height  3'

Foothill Needlegrass photo by

Purple Needlegrass
Stipa pulchra
Habitat  Scrubland, Grassland
Max Height  3'

Purple Needlegrass photo by Larner Seeds/Lew Lewandowski

Red Fescue
Festuca rubra
Habitat  Woodland, Chaparral, Grassland
Max Height  1'

Red Fescue photo by Wild Ginger Farms

Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
Habitat  Woodland
Max Height  1'

Woodland Strawberry photo by

Achillea millefolium
Habitat  Scrubland, Chaparral, Grassland 
Max Height  2'

Yarrow photo by picasa/J & M Botanist

Chaparral Full sun, dry, well drained
Riparian Near creeks or deep watering in summer
Scrubland Full sun, dry, less well drained, some summer water okay
Seeps and Springs          Constant moisture, do not let dry out in summer
Upland Full sun, dry
Well Drained Cannot tolerate wet conditions in summer
Woodland Part sun to shade, but relatively dry

Photo credits are located here.